Tuesday, October 25, 2011

Infectious Diseases in Pakistan

Diseases which are caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi and other parasites become the main causes of death, disability, as well as social and economic disruption for millions of people. Despite the safe and effective interventions, many people are unable to follow the required prevention methods and treatment. Lack in productivity, missed educational opportunities and health care of high costs caused by infectious diseases directly affect families and communities.

Infections are more common in developing countries; the main reason behind it is the presence of co-infection. The unfavorable impact of infectious diseases is found to be most severe among the poorest people. These people have the fewest resources towards integrated health care, prevention tools and medications.
According to World health Organization (WHO), Pakistan ranks eighth on the list of 22 high-burden tuberculosis (TB) countries in the world. According to the researches, in 2007, an estimated 297,108 people in Pakistan (mostly adults in their productive years) developed TB. Besides that, the emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB and TB-HIV co-infection has become a growing concern in the country.
The Ministry of Health started to implement DOTS (the internationally recommended strategy for TB control) in 1995, where Baluchistan was selected as a pilot province. Much improvement has been made during the past five years. Pakistan’s case detection rate rose from 13 percent in the year 2002 to 67 percent in the year 2007, close to WHO’s target of 70 percent. According to the researches, DOTS coverage increased in Pakistan from 44 to 99 percent, during the year 2002 to 2007.
The sudden rise in case detection and the number of cases of TB reported every year since 2000 is the basic result of countrywide efforts to enhance the involvement of private practitioners and community volunteers to identify and refer TB suspects, as well as the common public who have helped with case finding. Since 2001, when TB was declared a national emergency by the Government, progress has been steady, with the support of USAID and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.
Regardless of improvements, the National TB Control Program (NTCP) still has to face challenges. As TB planning shifts from the national level to the district level, technical and managerial capacities at the provincial and district levels need strengthening. Furthermore, the private region might not be fully oriented to take care of patients using the DOTS approach.

Infectious diseases can be organized into the following exposure categories. Some are basically food or waterborne diseases which are acquired through eating or drinking on the local economy.

Hepatitis A
It is a viral disease that interferes with the functioning of the liver. It spreads through consumption of food or water contaminated with fecal matter, principally in areas of poor sanitation; victims exhibit fever, jaundice, and diarrhea.

Hepatitis E
It is a water-borne viral disease that interferes with the functioning of the liver. It most commonly spreads through fecal contamination of drinking water; victims exhibit jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, and dark colored urine.

Typhoid fever
It is a bacterial disease that spreads through contact with food or water contaminated by fecal matter or sewage; victims exhibit sustained high fevers; left untreated.

Others are vectorborne diseases acquired through the bite of an infected arthropod.

It is caused by single-cell parasitic protozoa Plasmodium that is transmitted to humans via the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito; parasites multiply in the liver attacking red blood cells resulting in cycles of fever, chills, and sweats.

Dengue fever
It is a mosquito-borne viral disease. It is associated with urban environments; manifests as sudden onset of fever and severe headache.

Yellow fever
It is also a mosquito-borne viral disease. Its severity ranges from influenza-like symptoms to severe hepatitis and hemorrhagic fever.

It is a bacterial disease that is transmitted by fleas usually linked with rats; person-to-person airborne transmission also possible; recent plague epidemics occurred in the regions of Asia, Africa, and South America associated with rural areas or small towns and villages.
In Pakistan, there is the need of working out an unusual strategy for the challenges ahead in the year 2011, as it continued to witness double burden of infectious diseases, in 2010.

According to statistics, Pakistan had been unable to control the burden of communicable diseases like tuberculosis, malaria, dengue fever, typhoid, viral hepatitis, cholera and other infections which were caused due to floods in 2010.At the same time there had been a rising trend of non-communicable diseases like heart disease, stroke, diabetes, hypertension and cancer in the country.

Experts state that though Pakistan put efforts to develop primary healthcare across the country, a lot is yet to be done. Besides that, the change in climate, which continued to endanger health and food safety were among the foremost health issues that needs to be focused. According to the experts, Pakistan needs to invest a lot on research on most valuable measures in order to protect health from climate change, particularly in vulnerable populations such as women, children and elderly in the country.

It is also believed that the economic recession has affected health and society. Trauma centers need to be developed in all major cities of the country, .However; almost no attention has yet been paid to the subject. Social inequities and injustice still kills people on a grand scale.
The important infectious diseases, which especially hit Pakistan in 2010, were ‘gastro’, ‘dengue fever’, ‘Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever’. Thousands of cases of gastro and dengue fever were reported in various cities of Pakistan. However, the provincial government has allocated little budget for prevention and control of the said infections.

The global shift from infectious diseases to non-communicable diseases was observed with heart diseases and stroke as primary killers. Besides that, the increase in cancer that is tied to an aging population and the trend was witnessed in Pakistan too.

Likewise, majority of health experts want that media campaigns should be given more attention to control the outbreak of the use of tobacco especially in youth and prevention and control of both the communicable and non-communicable diseases in the year 2011.


awamichat said...

I Suggest You Online Pakistani Chat Room There You Can Chat With and Without Registration. Awamichat.com Number #1 Chat Site. Easy Picture Sharing With Friends. Set Profile Picture. During Chat You Can Watch Youtube, Vimeo, Dailymotion, Live Streaming. Follow Me Number 1 Pakistani chat room awamichat.com
Pakistani Chat room Awamichat.com allow you to meet many people you do not know, and while this can lead to fun friendships, simply You enter your nick , strike up a conversation with someone AwamiChat.com is a very popular activity for young people, especially teenagers where you can listen to different Rj’s show. With all these facilities we inform you A friendly stranger in a chat room is still a stranger and not an ideal person for you to trust with your phone number or personal information.
Chat Room Without Registration

Free Chat Room

Chat Room

Girls Chat Rooms

Desi Chat Room

Karachi Chat Room

Online Pakistani Chat

Chat Room In Pakistan

Get Fast Affordable SSD VPS Hosting

seo expert said...

good post

Pakistani VIP Escorts said...

Pakistan Best Escorts Services 03228855445
Pakistan Best Escorts is a kind of place where your dreams of sex will come true. If you want to be escorted by horny Karachi escorts, a model of your desire, just contact to our escort in Karachi. We are only who provide professional and magnificent escort facility in all over the Karachi to fulfill your desires.
Pakistan Best Escorts keep attractive, stylish, charming and babyish face escort in Karachi city. The beauty of Pakistani Escorts is famous around the globe.
Effectiveness, pleasure, and best facilities are our objectives; we make sure that you will feel coziness always when you will be enjoying the sizzling company of our VIP Karachi Escorts. All your personal data will be kept secret along the communications as we believe our long termed connection. This will bring a pleasant business bond. The charges for these girls are very inexpensive just to make sure you can enjoy your precious time of life in a memorable way. Book a Best Escorts in Lahore from us and leave rest of it to her.

Aliya Escorts said...

Pakistani escorts is expected to be intelligent, educated, well mannered, and of course beautiful. These stringent requirements are necessary because visitors hire social escorts in Pakistan for all sorts of different functions. From casual functions such as social gathering, birthday parties, to make formal events such as business, functions etc.
Our Girls are young, beautiful, and socially amicable are rare. For this reason, oriental Pakistani girls escort and models are always in high demand.

Our services are prompt in Pakistani escorts, expected to be intelligent, reasonably educated, well mannered and of course very charming and beautiful. We keep female escort in Pakistan like the major cities;

Vip Escorts in Lahore

Vip Escorts in Islamabad

Vip Escorts in Karachi

Vip Escorts in Pakistan


Whatsapp / Call +92 321 4699 343

Monali Seth said...

आप को बिस्वास नहीं हॉट की एक इंडियन गर्ल्स सर्विसेज दे रही ह पकिस्तम में , मई एक इंडियन लड़की हु और पाकिस्तानी एस्कॉर्ट्स चला रही हु पाकिस्तान में अगर आपको पकिस्ता कॉल गर्ल्स चाहिए तो मझसे कांटेक्ट काल सकते हो २४ हॉर्स इन पाकिस्तान एंड दुबई मेरे पास सिफत इंडियन गर्ल्स एंड कुछ रूस बूत सबसे ज्यादा मेरे पास इंडियन गर्ल्स है सर्विस लेंव के लिए लिंक पर क्लिक करे एंड सेलेक्ट कर के वत्स अप्प कर दो मैं आपकी बकिंग कर लेती हु अगर अप्प डांस करवाना चाहते ह तो मुझांसे कांटेक्ट कर सकते ह एंड मुजरा के लिए भी|

Welcome to All Guys If you are want dance youre home only some spend money contact and stat mujra you home and hottel any time any where 24/7 day open my company your..
London Escorts
Independent London Escorts
Models London Escorts $100
Dubai Female Escorts
Dubai Call Girls
Dubai Escorts Agency
Pakistani Escorts Girls
Dancer Call Girls in Pakistan
Pakistan Escorts Mujra
Perth Escorts
Perth Independent Escorts
Perth Escorts Services
Russian Escorts Services
Russian Call Girls

dubaiescorts said...

We are the best suppliers of foreign and local girls in Pakistan
All our staff is well mannered and Good Looking
our pakistani escorts in dubai will give you the most life-changing minute for whatever is left of life. our everything escorts are all around mannered and taught. here in this segment of pakistani escorts every one of the young ladies are genuine. our pakistani escorts in dubai are from the not too bad families and they will make your chance pleasurable contact +971522909500
visit our sites

topseocompany said...

Top SEO Company in Lahore Provide affordable Online marketing SEO (search engine Optimization) Packages. We are leading a Local & International SEO Consultants in Lahore, SEO Service in Lahore.
SEO Consultants in Lahore

Miss Tina said...

We respect the trust which our clients have had on us and our Top Escorts in Karachi along these lines agreeing to that we have held their names under the window decoration. Karachi escorts Regardless, through these comments, we are to a great degree happy with our accomplishments and should need to keep this going for some more years. Reasons why our client base values our administrations and VIP show escorts Karachi and Call Girls in Karachi. Escorts in Karachi Purchaser dependability is our best need. We have reliable sorted out our clients monstrously and endeavored to keep up their attentiveness in the most master of conduct.

Unknown said...

Hot Karachi Escorts get to each heart! The combination of shy expressions, hot curvy figure, and an erotic charm gets men seduced and totally surrender to these divas. At pakistanvipescorts.com we specialize in skilled and the first class escort service Karachi can present you. Our crews of Pakistani Escorts in Karachi is attractive, bold, smart, and funny and are completely understandable of each customer's desires and wishes.

Unknown said...

Hot Karachi Escorts get to each heart! The combination of shy expressions, hot curvy figure, and an erotic charm gets men seduced and totally surrender to these divas. At pakistanvipescorts.com we specialize in skilled and the first class escort service Karachi can present you. Our crews of Pakistani Escorts in Karachi is attractive, bold, smart, and funny and are completely understandable of each customers desires and wishes.

Unknown said...

Karachi Escorts Girls provides services for Karachi People VIP Karachi Girls, VIP Karachi Escorts Girls, Also provides the service Call Girls in Karachi, We provide Services all Over Pakistan.

SEO Servicesislamabad said...

Thanks for Sharing Information Nice Blog...!!!!
click here

VIP Girls in Lahore said...

Escorts in Lahore
Call Girls in Lahore
Lahore Escorts
Female Escorts in Lahore
Independent Escorts in Lahore
VIP Escorts in Lahore
Girls For Sex in Lahore
Escorts Lahore
Model Escorts in Lahore
Student Escorts in Lahore

Nimra khan said...

Nice blog very helpful VIP Escorts in Pakistan.

Mr. Victor said...

Body Massage Service in Delhi

Escorts Service in Gurgaon

Russian Escorts in Delhi & Gurgaon

Call Girls In Karachi said...

Thanks for sharing the valuable information with us..! Your blog is very impressive. Great Work...!!
Call Girls In Karachi
Call Girls In Lahore

Misha Pakistani Model said...

Welcome Pakistani Escorts Agency will come back to be an eminent life accomplice for you over an outing or at a solitary officer's party in Pakistan, dating, and inside the night time can fulfill all your tendency as one in your aggregate most standard basic individual escorts get together! We are course of action positive you with no vulnerability like our decision ladies of Our Pakistan Escorts . Our every Escort Girls bona fide bit absolutely open contemplations, present day and masterminded to have a good time nearby you they can listen eagerly from you nowadays. We are happy to tell that we are the primary ones who have the Pakistan Dating Girls, as we have the best consider young ladies that will fulfill you the most and will satisfy every one of you when our young ladies are with you. Pakistani Escorts Girls We are locking in with the true objective to make the clients and customers of our Escorts benefits in Pakistan completely satisfied and cheery from us, as we understand what it takes all over to satisfy our clients and particularly satisfied from our VIP Escorts administrations.

Dubai Mirchi Club said...

Your Artical Very Useful Thanks For Sharing. Great and interesting, keep it up! To get more information visit
Lahore Call Girls
Islamabad Call Girls
Lahore Escorts
Escorts in Dubai

Vip Girls In Lahore said...

Your Artical Very Useful Thanks For Sharing. Great and interesting, keep it up! To get more information visit
Lahore Escorts
Islamabad Escorts
Pakistani Escorts
Dubai Escorts

Dwarka Independent Escorts said...

Ankitaoberoi Dwarka call girl

About Dwarka Independent escorts

Dwarka Escorts Services

Pic Independent Dwarka escorts

Best Rates Dwarka escorts girl

Contact Dwarka Independent escorts

Faridabad escorts

Aerocity Escorts

Islamabad Models +923098998125 said...

whilst you'll get our offerings ensure which you take a look at all of girls and ladies shape the Rawalpindi Escorts services Islamabad, so you can select which call women in Rawalpindi Islamabad can pass as indicated via your chicer. right here we've got end bio statistics and Rawalpindi Escorts Islamabad profile data of each Escorts girls in Rawalpindi that assist you to deiced who to run with.

here at our Rawalpindi Islamabad Escorts corporation, we've particularly advanced ladies with the whole well mannered mentality Islamabad Escorts who received’t impact you to sense that you owe the something. they'll influence your possibility to love a precious stone inside the sky. we have show girls who will satisfy your fantasies at the off hazard that you have by no means met some Escorts in other version women on your lifestyles.

Tower Brand said...

I surely acquiring more difficulties from each surprisingly more little bit of it and if there is someone who need sesame seeds exporter then visit us!

Agha Khan said...

Very nice post here thanks for it I always like and search such topics and everything connected to them. Keep update more information..
click here