The grasslands of China cover the total area of four hundred million square meters. They also hold forty one percent of the territory of China. These grasslands are crucial to many Chinese people, particularly to those who exist on and around them.
The Ili Grassland can be found in the crease of the Tianshan Mountains. According to the researches, this grassland is included in the largest mountain a range of Asia.It is surrounded by ridges on each of the three sides. It opens towards west to the moist currents of air.
One can observe the formation of a vertical division of grassland belts. These belts range through montane meadows, frigid meadows, montane meadow steppe, montane steppe, montane desert steppe, river valley meadows and plain desert.
East Hulun Buir Grassland
This fertile land is garlanded with numerous pearls as well as hundreds of silver chains. Both the rivers and the lakes originate from the Greater Xing’an Mountain. The mountain ranges across eastern Inner Mongolia and Heilongjiang Province. Same feature is being shared by the Rivers in Hulun Buir.
Western Sichuan Frigid Grassland
This grassland is also Bumyak Grassland. Possessing an altitude of three thousand and eight hundred to four thousand and five hundred meters, it is the largest grassland in the central Shaluli Range present in the Hengduan Mountains. The Sichuan-Tibet highway lengthens up to hundred kilometers all along the north of this grassland.
In the Mongolian language, the meaning of Xilin Gol is”river on the plateau”. This grassland is spread over more than two hundred thousand square kilometer and covers the Mongolian Plateau.
The Ujimqin Grassland stretches towards the east and north of Xilin Hot. The landscape is flat, in the midst of numerous rivers and small lakes.
Qilian Mountain Grassland
Remarkable changes took place in northwest China about five hundred and seventy million years ago. After the settlement of the sea, the Qilian Mountain Grassland arose. ”Qilian” is basically a term which the ancient nomadic Hun existing in north China used to refer to the”heavenly mountain”.
Nagqu is the name of a river present in northern Tibet. It originates on the southern slope of the Thanglha Mountains and runs through Amdo, Biru, Nagqu, Sog and Baqen countries. The land there is found to be vast, and low hills are mixed with valleys.
Many organizations in China are taking active and preventive measures to keep these grasslands alive. According to them, grasslands shall be used sensibly and overgrazing prevented. At the places where dearth, degeneration or soil erosion occurs due to overgrazing, the users of the grasslands shall be given proper guidance towards the reduction of grazing and reshow forage grass.
There is the need of proper administration of extra control. Besides that, the local people and government at various levels should take measures to combat the pets of grassland. Other than they should take steps to protect those beneficial animals and birds that feed on pests and mice. These steps would restore vegetation and keep these grasslands alive.